Joseph in Egypt to Moses and the Exodus: Genesis 47:9 - Exodus 12:41
The Egyptian Captivity of Israel begins with Jacob and his family joining Joseph in Egypt. This event occurs 290 years and 58 days after the birth of Abraham on November 11 – Heshvan 22 in 2166 BC (BR). When Jacob meets with Pharaoh, and tells him he is 130 Years old (Genesis 47:1-10), it is Wednesday January 9 – Tevet 20 in 1875 BC (BR). Scripture is very clear that Joseph is 39 years old when Jacob arrives in the second year of the famine in Egypt and Canaan. Using the "Five Year + 1 Day Rule" would place Joseph's birthday on January 1 – Tevet 12 in 1914 BC (BR). Joseph's birthday would be exactly 2200 years from the first January 1 – Tevet 12 in 4114 BC (BR). The dating of Jacob's arrival in Egypt has been a major stumbling block for many Bible Chronologies. Many can easily follow the trail of years in Scripture from Creation to the birth of Jacob. These years are easily calculated because we are told how old a Patriarch is when the son who will carry on the Sacred Line is born. When we get to the birth of Joseph however, the Biblical text is silent about his father Jacob's age. The Bible Chronology trail picks up when Jacob tells his age of 130 years to Pharaoh as previously mentioned. Jacob's arrival in Egypt starts the 430 years and 86 days of Israel's Captivity in Egypt. From this same information we can tell that Jacob was 91 years old when Joseph is born. Joseph is 39 when his father Jacob arrives. This is an important clarification because many Bible historians claim that the 430 years of captivity start when Abraham leaves Haran at the age of 75. This error throws the chronology of the Bible off by 215 years and results in many other chronological errors that are clarified by this research which uses only the numbers in the Biblical Text.
Passover is instituted according to this research data and Scripture (Exodus 12:1-41) on Friday March 28 – Nisan 10 in 1445 BC (BR). Joshua and the Nation of Israel would cross the River Jordan on this same date 40 years later in 1405 BC according to Joshua 3:2-17. The Firstborn in Egypt is taken on Tuesday April 1 – Nisan 14 (at midnight of Nisan 15), just 4 days later after Passover is Instituted. 430 years and 86 days after Jacob's arrival in Egypt, Moses becomes 80 years old plus 16 days on Friday April 4 – Nisan 17 in 1445 BC (BR). On this same day, Israel makes first camp at Succoth beginning the Exodus and their first day out of Egypt on the evening of Friday Nisan 17 as stated in Exodus 12:37-39. On this same date, 40 years later, Joshua would meet "the Commander of the army of the Lord" which begins Day 1 of the 7 day Battle for Jericho according to Joshua 5:13-6:5.
In the second month of the Exodus, on the 52nd day from Nisan 10, Moses and the people of Israel arrive at the Wilderness of Sinai and make camp at the base of the Mount Horeb (Sinai). This date is Sunday May 18 – Sivan 2 in 1445 BC (BR). This same date exactly 480 years later is the start date for Solomon’s Temple in 965 BC as stated in I Kings 6:1 and II Chronicles 3:2. On Thursday May 22 – Sivan 6 in 1445 BC, four days after making camp at the base of Mount Sinai, God speaks to the Nation of Israel from the Mountain as stated in Exodus 24:1-2. Sivan 6 becomes the day that Pentecost is celebrated in Jewish Festivals. In the year 30 AD, the events of Pentecost recorded in Acts 2:1-4 falls on Sunday May 26 - Sivan 6 on the Gregorian-Hebrew Calendar (GH). It is important to note that the currently used Secular Hebrew Calendar puts this same date at Sivan 8. I use this illustration to show that the currently used Secular Hebrew Calendar, developed after the 3rd century AD, is not consistent with Scripture in either the New or Old Testament.
At the time of the Exodus, Moses is instructed to move the Calendar back 6 months. The result is the 7th Month of Nisan now becomes the 1st Month of Tishri as instructed in Exodus 12:1-3. Wednesday March 19 – Nisan 1 becomes Wednesday September 18 – Tishri 6 in the year 1445 BC (BR). At the same time, the 1st month on the Gregorian Calendar becomes the seventh month of the same year. The Gregorian-Hebrew Calendar (GH) is changed so that in 1440 BC Sunday January 4 moves back six months becoming July 5 of 1440 BC. This instruction to Moses has been basically impossible to explain before knowing that the calendar consistent with the Bible has 364-Days per year. It is equally difficult to explain the exact dates of Daniel's 70 Weeks Prophecy without this vital information. The Scriptural date on which Passover is instituted, Friday March 28 – Nisan 10 in 1445 BC (BR), lines up with Friday September 13 -Tishri 1 which is the "first month, the first day of the month" on the Calendar at the time of Creation. The Exodus is the center of Biblical History. All calculations on the Bible Timeline use the start of the Exodus as the Anchor Date and Year for all other calculations of events. Most of the dates used in this Bible Timeline are based on information found in the Old Testament Book of Genesis. Most of the events involving Moses are found in The Book of Exodus. Using the years and months given in The Bible, almost every major event can accurately be dated backwards from the Exodus to Creation. The events from The Exodus to Daniel's 70 Weeks Prophecy and the events of the Life of Jesus can also be known with accuracy. The dates found in this Bible Timeline are consistent with many known dates in secular history and are consistent with Scripture. The dates given in this Timeline are NOT consistent with many important dates found in Bible Chronology events prior to 455 BC. Since the 364-Day Calendar consistent with Scripture appears to be basis of the World's currently used calendars, it is now possible to convert any date in the Bible to a date on our currently used solar calendars and vice-versa.